Freestalls are typically used to house dairy cattle for extended periods and include a bedding area for cattle to ruminate and rest. The term 'freestall' refers to the bedding area where cattle are provided cubicles (stalls), where they may lie down.In the last few years there has been an unprecedented interest in free stall design and its impact on
dairy cow health and performance. Recent studies continue to demonstrate that dairy cows prefer stall surfaces which provide more
cushion. Cows appear to prefer to lie in stalls with rubber crumb filled mattresses rather than on
sparsely bedded hard rubber mats, water beds or concrete.